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-   -   240: '92 3.1 Intermittent No-Starts (https://forums.tbforums.com/showthread.php?t=344660)

XxJenoxX 09-10-2018 01:06 PM

'92 3.1 Intermittent No-Starts
 
Can anyone link me to the no-start thread? Couldn't find it.

Also taking advice on troubleshooting intermittent no-starts. '92 wagon with 3.1, m47. Not a lot of rhyme or reason to when. Windshield leaks like a sieve. Cranks like a motherf7cker, but just won't fire up. Doesn't matter if it's got almost no gas or a full tank. Wouldn't start damn near on E last Friday, got it to the gas station, wouldn't start again with a fresh tank.

Gonna start with reflowing the solder in the fuel pump relay. I replaced it with another I had, but that one was a used relay that came with the last car, so I'm not going to be the least bit surprised if it's still the problem.
I've spun the fuses, replaced the fuel pump fuse, no dice.

The damn thing always seems to start JUST as I'm about to employ the next option. One more try to demonstrate to a coworker that it won't start before I swap the relay, and away it goes.
One last try before I tape a piece of wire in to jump the pumps at the gas station, and away it goes.

iHateVolvoPeople 09-10-2018 01:09 PM

When there’s a no start, have you checked to see if you’re lacking fuel and or spark?

I had an annoying intermittent no start that was solved by a $14 crank position sensor. But that was lh2.4, should be similar enough.

http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=316437

XxJenoxX 09-10-2018 01:10 PM

Not yet, it always happens when I'm in a pinch and throwing available parts or pieces of wire at it are quicker than verifying fuel or spark. And then it always starts before I give up and troubleshoot.

I really wanted to tackle it over the weekend, but it was non-f7cking-stop sheets of rain.

ZVOLV 09-10-2018 01:44 PM

Moisture non starts on a 240 can be better terminals, fuse at battery, fuses getting wet from windshield leaks or moisture, wet junction block at fender, grounds at intake manifold. On a 740 it's usually bad hood seal and wet dist. Good luck.

Spark test takes 10 seconds and you CAN lean out the door and crank and see if spark or not.

swedefiend 09-10-2018 01:48 PM

You need one of these: noid light set (they have a cheaper one on the shelf in my local store (I think it is 10-15$.

And one of these: spark tester

Will be much easier to diagnose your no start scientifically.

Leandre1 09-10-2018 07:56 PM

I had the similar symptoms with my 940 and it turned out to be the crankshaft position sensor.

oldnfast 09-10-2018 08:08 PM

I vote crank sensor

swedefiend 09-10-2018 09:00 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by oldnfast (Post 5851388)
I vote crank sensor

I tend to agree, but that's just guessing.

If a new one is on hand, then sure throw it in. Otherwise, let her learn (and fix the car so it won;t leave her stranded...)

XxJenoxX 09-10-2018 09:20 PM

Alright, so...Flat out refused to start after work. Had to get a ride home and get the XC on the road again.

So far:

Has spark. Screwdriver in a wire confirmed.
Jumping the pumps at #4 and #6 produces noise from the main pump.
Unscrewing the cap on the schrader valve at the rail gives me a little fuel.

So I have fuel and spark. No reason why I wouldn't have air. Obviously don't know if I have enough fuel pressure to start yet, but there is absolutely no sign of an attempt to ignite any fuel, and no fuel from the exhaust. So it seems an awful lot like it's getting absolutely no fuel at all.

Injector pulse gone?

If I can get it started at work tomorrow, I'll drive it home and get a ride back to pick up the XC so I can troubleshoot it here.

nel621 09-10-2018 09:26 PM

It's always the CPS. 10mm bolt and very long extension. Just hope the bolt isn't stuck on there.

XxJenoxX 09-10-2018 09:29 PM

Don't you generally have no spark for a bad CPS?

woodenpudden 09-10-2018 09:46 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by XxJenoxX (Post 5851430)
Injector pulse gone?

If you can have someone else crank, hold a screwdriver tip against an injector body and listen with your ear next to the handle. You'll hear and feel them tick-tick-tick (pseudo stethoscope). Fuel rail with a schrader valve makes fuel pressure checking easy peasy, probably a worthwhile endeavor to do that while you're at it, if you can find/borrow a fuel pressure gauge kit

XxJenoxX 09-10-2018 09:51 PM

I can probs get my hands on a kit over the weekend. I found a good LED to use as a tester. I doubt all of the injectors themselves failed all at once, so if I can just probe an LED into the connector, that should be good enough to test the pulse.

iHateVolvoPeople 09-10-2018 10:12 PM

I too thought "hmm i have spark, fuel, air, compression, and it’s timed right, why the F*** won’t this thing start?" But then I realized, an iffy crank sensor can cause all kinds of weird things to happen. It will tell the ECU that the crank is at x position when it’s really at y position.

In conclusion: you can have fuel and spark with a 'bad' crank sensor and will have a no start. AFAIK, the only time you will fully lose spark and or fuel from a crank sensor is if it’s completely dead. Yours seems to have failed in the exact same manner as mine. Sometimes it’s good sometimes it’s not. It probably depends heavily on humidity and temperature. By the way, are the wires frayed?? Even if they aren’t it can still be bad.

Lastly, if you’re not feeling spendy but still wanna 'Fire the parts cannon', check out amazon for the sensor. It’s some no name crap i think and I generally wouldn’t condone buying that, but at $14 shipped you can’t go wrong. But maybe save up for a bougicord in the future..

XxJenoxX 09-10-2018 10:31 PM

$36 won't break the bank for the daily. Don't they usually cause a stall and no-start when they fail? Ala getting hot and crapping out? I know it's not impossible even in this situation, but it runs absolutely and then won't start again, whether it's minutes later or hours.

I'm limited in what I can do in my employer's parking lot without drawing too much attention. If I can just get ONE more start out of it to get it home, I'll be good to go.

The reason injector pulse comes to mind is absolutely no fuel smell after many, many tries to start, and the ecu's being mounted to the firewall, well...I'm not kidding when I mention how bad this thing leaks and it f7cking POURED all weekend. And today is the first day it has just not wanted to start every single time I got in it.

bobxyz 09-10-2018 11:16 PM

Any fault codes after trying to start? Diag box pin2 is ECU; pin6 is EZK.

swedefiend 09-10-2018 11:23 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by XxJenoxX (Post 5851445)
I can probs get my hands on a kit over the weekend. I found a good LED to use as a tester. I doubt all of the injectors themselves failed all at once, so if I can just probe an LED into the connector, that should be good enough to test the pulse.

You're going to need a resistor for that (try 600 - 700 ohm). And you need to make certain that the LED / resistor are well insulated (never touch ground).

dl242gt 09-10-2018 11:23 PM

The el cheapo Delphi branded crank sensors I bought on ebay have worked well for me. They are cheap enough that you can buy two and have a good one for stash for when it fails again for the price of one bougicord. I've had dead bougicord ones out of the box. Thus my disloyalty to the brand now. FCP handled the return very quickly which was nice and the next one was fine.

Random no starts are electrical a lot of the time on these. Stuff like the powerstage, the crank sensor, Dirty connections on the coil, powerstage, and bad coil wires. Lastly don't rule out the spark plug gap. We had a recent thread where the plugs were very worn with a huge gap contributing to poor starting.

That weirdness described above with the crank sensor is something I experienced with my moms 245 a long time ago. It took months till the thing finally croaked and could be diagnosed. Mom would call and say the car won't start. We would get there and the thing starts up. Drives fine. Finally it wouldn't start at all in front of her house so that made it easier to figure out that there was no spark. No triggering.

Oh yeah, make sure the crank sensor has a white tag on the cable near the connector to the car harness. That indicates it's the supposed updated better version. lol. The original ones were known flaky and had a yellow marker on them.

XxJenoxX 09-11-2018 07:58 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by bobxyz (Post 5851486)
Any fault codes after trying to start? Diag box pin2 is ECU; pin6 is EZK.

Gonna add that to the list, too.

Mom also mentioned the damn radio suppression relay.

I've got resistors out the wazoo at work, won't be a challenge to make that happen.

Highly doubt spark plugs. Done in the last 6 months and I doubt they'd ALL fail at once in such a scenario. Coil connections were good.

iHateVolvoPeople 09-11-2018 10:46 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by XxJenoxX (Post 5851574)
Gonna add that to the list, too.

Mom also mentioned the damn radio suppression relay.

I've got resistors out the wazoo at work, won't be a challenge to make that happen.

Highly doubt spark plugs. Done in the last 6 months and I doubt they'd ALL fail at once in such a scenario. Coil connections were good.

No RSR on a 240. And to answer your question above dont they usually cause a stall and no start when they fail?, my 740 never ever stalled. Ran glass smooth with full power. It was just when wed turn it off it would sometimes not restart.

XxJenoxX 09-11-2018 11:30 AM

Yeah, I looked into that and def found that they don't. So my mom abysmally misdiagnosed her ongoing issues years ago. :lol:

iHateVolvoPeople 09-11-2018 11:57 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by XxJenoxX (Post 5851650)
Yeah, I looked into that and def found that they don't. So my mom abysmally misdiagnosed her ongoing issues years ago. :lol:

It’s a logical thing to blame though since it’s such a common failure on the 7/9 cars, and really they are pretty similar to the 2 series. I had to rewire the RSR and Aux fan relay on the 740 because I was chasing that dang CPS random no start issue. No ragrets though, the wiring was disgusting and ghetto and all good now.

I’m surprised it was functional at all. Wiring was stranded and gross, plastic insulators were literally gone:lol:
https://i.imgur.com/InfZxUg_d.jpg?ma...idelity=medium

bobxyz 09-11-2018 03:45 PM

After thinking about it, I'll vote for a failing CPS too. Can you unplug it and measure the resistance across the 2 pins? If the coil windings in the CPS sensor are corroded or partially shorted, the resistance will be low and the output voltage will be low too. Bentley has the resistance specs for the OEM sensor. Unplugging it, cleaning and drying? the contacts, might restore enough voltage loss to get it started once more.

The output voltage of VR sensors is proportional to the tooth speed, or engine RPM in this case. Thus, lowest output voltage will be during cranking. If the coil is partially shorted, cranking voltage will be extra low and may not be enough to trigger spark on every rev. (Beware, you may see occasional spark but not realize that it's not firing all the time.) If you can get it running, RPMs and CPS voltage will be higher and may let you complete your trip without failing.

I'd expect some sort of diag code to be posted for this scenario.

John242Ti 09-12-2018 01:14 AM

I know that NChoy had similar issues with his '92 wagon in July. In his case, his car is a 2.4 car that he swapped to M47. Turned out the ECU was a remanufactured 561 that somehow wound up in place of the original 951 ECU. He found a replacement 933 ECU in a '92 244 at the yard. Installed it, and car fired right up.

Jen, was your 244 a LH 3.1 car as well? If it was, still have the ECU from it? Could try swapping it in and see if the car runs. Otherwise, I'd check the CPS, even though it should be a white band sensor already and not a yellow band.

-J

iHateVolvoPeople 09-12-2018 08:36 AM

^ I thought the 951 was 93+ only


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